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Here you can find a collection of the terms and expressions used in this context and their explanation. If you have any other question, please use the address provided in the contact page to contact us.
Ad hoc network: a kind of network where stations or devices communicate directly and not via an access point. It is interesting for establishing a network where wireless infrastructure does not exist or where services are not required.
Ambient Intelligence: a vision of the future where we are surrounded by electronic environments, sensitive and responsive to people.
Client: a computer program that requests a service of another system (a "server").
Community (virtual community): a community made of people who have no contact in the real world, but only over a technological system, by engaging on discussions or by communicating or by having the same interests they share in the virtual world.
Device: a portable computer, personal digital assistant or a multi functional cellular phone, that can be part of the ad hoc network and that can run the applications.
Framework Programme 5: the group of research activities of the European community planned for the years 1998-2002.
Information Society: a type of society in which information and information access plays a central role, economically, socially and individually. Governments are making efforts to bring countries into this era.
Information Society Technologies (IST): one of the seven priority thematic areas of the European Research that deals with the new and emerging technologies related to the concept of Information Society.
Location awareness: the capability to detect the exact or relative location of a device, particularly a wireless device such as a cell phone.
Manet (or mobile ad hoc network): it identifies a particular kind of ad hoc network, that is, a mobile network, where stations can move around and change the network topology.
Mobile computing: being able to use a computing device even when being mobile and therefore changing location. Portability is one aspect of mobile computing.
MobileMAN: Mobile Metropolitan Ad hoc Network. A new paradigm of wireless communication among devices that exploits the ad hoc architecture and therefore that is solely made of users' devices. MobileMAN refers also to the project within which this technology is currently being developed.
Multi functions cellular phone: mobile phones that have also functions typical of a personal digital assistant or a palm computer. These phones have typically a larger display than simple cell phones.
Peer to peer (also p2p): the sharing of files by computers that are connected to a network. Hierarchically, the sharer and the requester are on the same level.
Router: a special-purpose computer or software that handles the connection betweeen 2 or more networks. Routers spend all their time looking at the destination addresses of the packets passing thorugh them and deciding which route to send them on.
Routing protocol: set of rules defining the way router machines find the way that packets containing information have to follow to reach intended destination.
Scenario: a context of use that is placed in the future and that is designed to stimulate imagination.
Self-organised network: a network that does not have central machines that provide services, but is solely made of users devices.
Server: a special computer connected to a network that provides data. A web server transmits web pages over the internet when it receives a web browse'rs request for a page. A server can also be called a host or node.
Service provider: a company that provides access to the communication network (e.g. the cellular phone network) and the related services under payment.
Ubiquitous computing: computers everywhere. Making many computers available throughout the physical envirnment, while making them effectively invisible to the user.
User-oriented product: a product that has been developed taking into special account the views and needs, opinions of the users, by involving them into the development process.
Virtual community: see community.
WIKI: online collaboration model and tool that allows any user to edit some content of webpages through a simple browser.
WIKI page: a web page that is part of a WIKI system. Such page has the characteristic of being editable by any browser and its content can therefore be changed by the web users.
Wireless: wireless refers to a communications, monitoring, or control system in which a signal is carried through atmospheric space rather than along a wire.